Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Buy Research Papers EasilyThe Internet has created a great demand for information and research papers on an unprecedented scale, making it easier than ever to buy research papers and study various aspects of the subject you are interested in. There are now an infinite number of web sites and e-mail campaigns aimed at promoting, selling and advertising on a wide variety of subjects.The ease with which you can research all this information is a major benefit; the advantage is even greater if you use an online tool such as Google, Bing or Yahoo! to get all the relevant information you need.However, the problem arises when it comes to actually buying research papers and then reading through their contents. Buying online is not so simple; firstly, because there are many, many people with inferior research papers and those who sell them to them, but also because of the fear and anxiety that sometimes get in the way. I've found that getting your hands on an e-book containing useful informat ion on the subject of your interest has become a thing of the past because of the rapid growth of the internet as a medium of information and communication.So, with all this in mind, what do you do to buy research papers and study the subject you are interested in? First of all, how do you find the right e-book for you? Secondly, how do you manage to purchase these e-books and what does it involve?Firstly, the online market is an evolving market and new entrepreneurs are constantly flooding it with their products and services; in fact, there are now quite a few websites offering this service. Therefore, you should pay special attention to websites that are dedicated to providing information on specific topics. If possible, you may try searching through several websites before you buy.For example, if you are interested in agriculture, you may go to your local library and check out the agriculture e-books that are available. You can either subscribe to them or simply purchase them for later reference. Online, there are also many websites where you can browse the various research papers that have been produced by various universities and other institutions, and you may choose to purchase these books when they are available.Although buying research papers online may sound complicated, in reality it is rather simple and easy to do. You only need to make sure that you have selected the right source and have checked out all the details required by the buyer.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Reading Log The HandmaidÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale Night Summary: The protagonist used the view of the first person to describe her situation in a dystopian society which full of restrictions. Although life is hard and they have no freedom in that unknown world, they still have expectations to the life. They yearn for it and find hope from struggling. In this place, women who have the ability to conceive will be gathered in the special place called the Republic of Gilled, and they will be distributed to different homes. At this time, they will give birth to the child those people who have high reputation while their wives cannot have the baby. Furthermore, provided that they are not allowed to talk with each other in the evening, they will use theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Does the girl in a gym have freedom? 4. Why some people still have no exact name in the society? (They are elders in the society.) Other Key DetailsÃ¯ ¼Å¡ 1. Yearn: desire strongly or persistently 2. Insatiability: hard to be satisfied with some situation What does this paragraph reflect? a. Dystopian Versus Utopia b. Under the totalitarian society 3. The way people have been treated. High social status ( Male) Shopping Summary: The protagonist has brought to the house, and she becomes the handmaid of this place, which means she needs to pregnant for the owner of the house. Till now, Offred did not know which family she should go. At this place, she knows Rita and Cora who is Martha in FredÃ¢â¬â¢s family. In Gilead, Matha is positioned as housewife, and they serve as preparing food and domestic servants to wealthy family. When it comes to Rita, she always express closed face and pressed lips, and she sometimes forbids Offred if she violate the correct manner. From her words, the protagonist first time knows a series words like Colonies and Unwomen. When she arrived, she first meets the Commanders wife. Before she meets the Commanders wife, she thought that the madam in this house will be kind and Offred may turn her into an older sister in OffredÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. However, the commanders wife made Offred disappointed. In reality, she likes smoking and she has lots of bad habits. To her amazement, Offred thought the CommanderÃ¢â¬â¢s wife looks like the woman once
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The transcendentalist movement shaped America in the 1860s by inspiring citizens to be free thinkers and hardworking individuals who would lead their lives to the fullest. The movement was led by three revolutionary writers named Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Walt Whitman, three icons who challenged Americans to be individuals. Through his works Ã¢â¬Å"Self RelianceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ , Ralph Waldo Emerson preached of nonconformity and creating a personal destiny. Henry David Thoreau emphasized simplicity and making the most of life by seizing every opportunity presented, in his work Ã¢â¬Å"WaldenÃ¢â¬ . Walt Whitman encourages real life experience and the value of hard work throughout his various poems. The principles preached by theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Keating due to his unorthodox teaching styles and the fact that Mr Keating is trying to get Todd to be more outgoing by Ã¢â¬Å"forcingÃ¢â¬ him to write and read poems for the class. As Mr Keating makes Todd create an impromptu poem for the class, Todd realizes that he has a creative side and is actually a fabulous poet- causing his confidence to grow sky high as the class claps for him and him to be proud of himself. After this event, Todd becomes more and more outgoing, leading to the solidification that Mr Keating effectively taught him Emerson s principles of being his own person and not being afraid to say what s on his mind ADD QUOTE HERE. Ã¢â¬Å"For the first time in my whole life, I know what I wanna do! And for the first time, I m gonna do it! Whether my father wants me to or not!Ã¢â¬ This is a quote from Neil as he decides to pursue his dreams of doing what he truly wants- to become an actor. This shows that Mr. Keating effectively taught Neil the principles of Emerson because he is finally being his own person and not conforming to the rigorous structure of a person that his father wants him to be. Throughout the entire movie, Charlie dalton refuses to conform. He takes every single lesson that Mr Keating teaches to heart about nonconformity, and while he acts as though he doesn t appreciate it, he definitley emulates all of mr keatings lessons. For example, towards the end of the movie, Charlie Dalton writes in the school paper about letting girls into
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Explain how your policy can promote the health of the chosen population, using a public health or health promotion framework (e.g. Ottawa Charter). Answer: Section 1: Background National Tobacco Control Program: The National Tobacco Control Program (NTCP) is the initiative that was put forward and formed for the development and implementation of the different smoking control programs for reducing the rates of smoking in Singapore. The National Tobacco Control Program, also known as, NTCP, is a comprehensive and long-term program which was launched in 1986 for control of smoking and with the theme that was Towards a Nation of Nonsmokers, and was led by the Ministry of Health. The National Smoking Control Co-ordinating Committee was set up in the year 1996, which was chaired by the MOH for formulation of the policies, coordinating the activities, as well as, for monitoring the National Tobacco Control Program (Wisotzky, Albuquerque, Pechacek, Park, 2004). The Committee consists of the representatives from the eight different government ministries, private sector employers, as well as, the trade unions. The Health Promotion Board was developed in the year 2001 to oversee, as well as, to coordinate the health promotion programs, involving the National Tobacco Control Program, in Singapore. The National Tobacco Control Program utilizes the multi-pronged approach for combating smoking. The NTCP main aim is to reduce the prevalence of smoking in Singapore with the help of different measures, which includes prevention of the initiation of smoking between different young individuals and groups, educating, motivating, as well as, assisting the individuals who smoke to quit smoking, promoting the climate that is conducive for all the non-smokers to prevent them from the various harmful effects occurring due to the environmental tobacco (Veeranki, Mamudu, Anderson, Zheng, 2014). Health issue: The increase rate of smoking prevalence, especially observed in the youngsters. Smoking has the harmful effects on both the smokers, as well as, the non-smokers, thus posing a harmful threat to the humans and affecting the health and lifestyle of the humans. Smoking is becoming the substantial economic burden due to the losses incurred in the cost of the healthcare, as well as, in its productivity (Gavin, 2004). Hence, it requires the combined efforts of each and every individual or group of the healthcare industry, the community, as well as, the workplace to tackle all the issues related to the smoking. Each country or city put forward the lot of efforts in tackling the issues related to the smoking as use of tobacco results in the huge social losses. It has been found that Singapore has a very long history in the development of the policies related to the anti-smoking promotion (Wakefield Liberman, 2008). Evidence of smoking: According to the Health Promotion Board surveys, it was evidenced that in the year of 2001, around 8% of the women who were in between the age group of 18 years to 24 years were involved in smoking. This percentage was about two percent more as compared to the National Health Survey conducted in the year 1998. The Youth Tobacco Survey in the Singapore in the year 2000 involved about 13,000 students of secondary school in the Singapore, and it was observed that about one in every four under-aged youngsters had a history of smoking or they have smoked before. Around 11.2% of the total students involved in the survey were involved in the smoking activity at least once every month prior to the survey, and about 2.4% of them were involved in daily smoking activity. The surveyors evidenced that around 13.4% of the smokers were boys and about 8.8% of the smokers were girls. Despite the rule of not selling the cigarettes to the individuals who are under 18 years of age a nd being illegal, half of the population that were surveyed reported that they could buy the cigarettes easily from the shops. Moreover, among females, it was observed that the females between the age group of 18 years to 29 years were more involved in the activity of smoking, and the increase of percentage from 5% in the year of 1998 to 7% in the year 2004 was being observed ("Explaining recent trends in smoking prevalence", 2005). According to the National Health Survey (NHS) in the year 2010, it has been observed that the smoking prevalence in Singapore arose from about 12.3% in the year 2004 to around 14.3% in the year 2010, thus reversing the past long-term decline. The rise in the prevalence of smoking is driven by the factors involving the significant increase in the activity of smoking among the youngsters, mostly in the age group of 18 years to 39 years of age. It has been observed that the social influencers like older peers, as well as, parents have been mentioned as the causes for picking up the activity of smoking in the youngsters. Moreover, the Student Health Survey that was conducted by the Health Promotion Board has observed that about 58% of youth who are involved in the activity of smoking have at least a single parent who is involved in smoking in comparison to about 27% of the youth who were non-smokers. Further, Health Promotion Board has been working in partnership with the Singapore Natio nal Employers Federations for conducting different sectoral studies and surveys among the workforce, like employees belonging to the hospitality sector. For instance, one of the surveys that were conducted showed that about 31.5% of the total hotel employees were involved in smoking. Moreover, stress was found to be the main cause of smoking observed among this sub-group (Cohen, Chaiton, Planinac, 2010). So far, the implementation of NTCP was successful in reduction of the rate of prevalence of smoking from 20%, which included about 37% of males and about 3% of females in the year 1984 to 12.6%, including 21.9% of males and about 3.4% of females in the year of 2004. Further, it has also been observed that the prevalence of smoking among Singaporean men, as well as, the women are considered to be the lowest overall globally when compared with other countries like Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, United States, Thailand, South Korea, Germany, Japan, Italy, as well as, Switzerland. The ongoing health education programmes related to the public health with the use of various health promotion measures like the utilization of the legislation, control of the sale, control of non-smoking areas, fiscal measures, as well as, provision of cessation activities have worked together in keeping the prevalence of smoking acitivities lowest in Singapore in the world (Choo, Ong, Lee, 2004). Section 2: Aims and Objectives The main objective of the National Tobacco Control Programme is the reduction in both the supply, as well as, demand of the cigarette for ensuring attainment of higher standards of public health. It aims to reduce the prevalence of smoking in Singapore and is working towards the accomplishment of its aims and objectives (Milne, 2005). It aims at preventing the starting of smoking in the adults and youths, educates and motivates the individuals for smoking cessation, as well as, also aim to provide the environment that keeps the non-smokers away from the potential harmful effects of the tobacco use. Apart from dissuading both the youths, as well as, the old age groups to refrain themselves from taking their first puff of smoke, the aim of this program is also to provide the conducive environment for the individuals who smoke to seek any kind of help in smoking cessation, as well as, to help in the process of quitting smoking (Loyola, 2008). Section 3: Health promotion framework The National Tobacco Control Programme is the multi-pronged combination of strategies for the promotion of the non-smoking agenda in Singapore. It is developed with the aim and objectives of reducing the smoking prevalence and works in accordance with the framework adopted by the World Health Organization, which is the Framework on Tobacco Control (Wipfli, 2004). This framework is the foremost evidence-based treaty that was being negotiated under World Health Organizations auspices in the development of the various regulatory strategies for addressing the addictive substances. Thus, the National Tobacco Contol Program includes the of five different strategies, which are: Taxation, Legislation, Public Education, Partnerships, and Provision of quit smoking services for achieving their aims of reducing the prevalence of smoking in the country (Eckhardt, Holden, Callard, 2015). Taxation: The Health Promotion Board has an important and active role in the advocating, as well as, in recommending different tobacco taxation strategies. It has developed partnerships with two bodies, which are the Ministry of Health, as well as, Ministry of Finance for the working on tobacco taxation strategies on the regular basis. It has been observed that taxation tends to be the most cost effective strategy in the reduction of rates of prevalence of smoking (Hastings Liberman, 2009). The study conducted by the World Bank revealed that for about every 10% increase done in the real inflation altered cost, the decrease of two percent to eight percent will be observed in the cigarette consumption. Moreover, the local data also revealed that an increase in the price of cigarettes correspond to the decrease in per capita consumption. It has been observed that there is a regular increase in the tobacco since 1987 for the aim of discouraging the non-smokers to pick up the habit of sm oking, as well as, to encourage the individuals who are current smokers to quit smoking or to smoke less (Dewhirst, 2012). Legislation: The second strategy followed by the NTCP is the launch of tobacco control legislation. The tobacco control legislations consist of the Tobacco Act, i.e., Control of Advertisements and Sale of Tobacco Act, which is put forward and regulated by the Health Sciences Authority. This act involves the prohibition of all the advertisements, as well as, promotion of the tobacco, and also the prohibition of tobacco supply, as well as, the use of products having tobacco in it by the individuals who are under 18 years of age. As per this tobacco act, the warnings related to the health by the use of all the products including tobacco should be mentioned at the upper 50% both in front, as well as, on the back of the tobacco product in English (Heloma, Nurminen, Reijula, Rantanen, 2004). These legislations formed for the prohibition of advertisements by the use of media that can create a positive image of the product, as well as, could stimulate smoking behaviors and activities may he lp in reducing the consumption of cigarettes and smoking behaviors. Further, it has been observed that the potential downward shift was seen in the response of consumption of the cigarette, as well as, the smoking behaviors of the individuals with the advertising bans. Furthermore, other legislation that is formed is the Prohibition on Smoking in Certain Places Act that enforced and regulated by the National Environment Agency. This act prohibits smoking activities in certain designated public places, which includes all the public transport, non-air-conditioned places, mostly indoors, indoor restaurants and workplaces, hospitals, pubs, educational facilities, bars, as well as, some outdoor places (Fallin Glantz, 2015). Public Education: The third strategy followed by NTCP is public education. The purpose of public education is the prevention of initiating the smoking, and also to provide all the information related to the smoking to both smokers, as well as, the non-smokers. It has been observed that Singapore has the highest ratio of educated people, public health messages such as the consequences and outcomes of smoking, as well as, the impacts of using second-hand smoking can be better received, as well as, translated for putting the concerned proposal into action. The Singaporean government utilizes the media in the promotion of public health that is called counter-advertising, and it has been observed that there is the negative relationship existed between the counter-advertising, as well as, the consumption of smoking. Moreover, public education is one of the important tool that is used to inform the public about the risk factors associated with smoking, as well as, with second-hand smoking ( Hammond, 2003). Various studies have suggested that the inaccurate perceptions of the risk associated with smoking may result more in case of the inherent difficulties related to the learning of potential harmful risks to the public. Moreover, the psychological research has found that individuals tend to underestimate all the potential risks associated with the one of the most common death causes and thus prolong their use of tobacco (Koh, Leung, Ang, Thumboo, 2013). However, the Singapore government has adopted a large number of information policies that are meant for delivering all the negative consequences and outcomes of tobacco use on ones health. For instance, counter-advertising campaigns are used as the public interventions, which informs the citizens about the risks, as well as, discourage the smoking behaviors. The studies showed that public education is capable of raising the public awareness, as well as, encourages the individuals to help the smokers to quit smoking (Fo ng, 2006). Partnerships: The fourth strategy by the NTCP is forming partnerships. NTCP that works under the HPB actively involves educational institutions, youth organizations, private workplaces, healthcare professionals, the uniformed groups, parents, community, as well as, the religious groups to promote the lifestyle that is smoke-free. It has been observed that the positive and significant effect in encouraging the non-smoking behavior was observed for programs related to the social reinforcement, as well as, social norms oriented. Further, the social reinforcement, as well as, the social norms oriented events refer to the development of all the abilities that helps in recognition and resistance of the social pressures for using drugs, as well as, for minimizing the consumption of the cigarettes. It has also been observed that these programs have encouraged students who even give advice to their parents for smoking cessation after they learn and became familiar with the consequences relate d to the smoking from the programs in their school (Glantz, 2000). Provision of quit smoking services: The fifth strategy followed by NTCP is providing smoking cessation services. In collaboration with the HPB, it offers affordable, as well as, accessible smoking cessation available services to the smokers. Further, these smoking cessation services are integrated in the healthcare settings like the hospitals, as well as, the polyclinics for the longest period since the 1990s. Moreover, it also avails the personalized advice with the help of the training, which is Quit Advisors through a QuitLine based on the methods to quit smoking. It has also developed the I Quit mobile app that helps the smokers to make the most efficient approach for quitting smoking. This mobile app will reveal that for how long the individuals who smoke have been proceeding in the smoking cessation process. The provision of smoking cessation services is one of the most direct and effective ways for assisting the smoker in the process of quitting smoking. Moreover, the communit y smoking cessation services mostly include the mass population. These services raise the public awareness, includes the widespread provision of various self-help things made available by medical, as well as, non-medical channel, and encourages the health professionals for improving their efforts on the individual patients involved in smoking. Singapore adopts various strategies for achieving the aims and objectives of the NTCP which are helpful in preventing smoking initiation in the youngsters, promotes the smoking cessation process among the smokers, and also protects the non-smokers having bad and harmful effects related to the secondhand smoking. Section 4: Recommendations to the government As it has been observed that there is frequent increase in the rate of prevalence of smoking, despite of the implementation of the NTCP, following recommendations can be made: The government should conduct frequent inspection of the public areas to evaluate if there is any smoking in the prohibited area to increase the effect of this policy. Further, the government should give monetary awards for the individuals participating in the smoking cessation practices who are successful in quitting the smoking. This in turn would encourage the individual to quit smoking. Moreover, as the surveys showed that the individuals who were under 18 years of age can easily purchase cigarettes from the shops, so the government should impose stricter rules, and no cigarette packs should be sold without confirming the age of the individuals by means of identity cards. Thirdly, although in Singapore the tax is high, but still it is unable to bring the desired and favorable effects in the reduction of smoking, and it has been observed that most of the individuals who are involved in smoking can still afford the cost of cigarette. Hence, to change the result, the government shou ld increase the tax rate also (Gartner Mcneill, 2010). References Choo, Y., Ong, K., Lee, W. (2004). Effectiveness of a smoking cessation program among hospitalized patients in Singapore.Chest,126(4), 713Sb. Cohen, J., Chaiton, M., Planinac, L. (2010). Tobacco control and the epidemiological framework.Tobacco Control,20(4), 318-318. Dewhirst, T. (2012). Price and tobacco marketing strategy: lessons from 'dark' markets and implications for the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.Tobacco Control,21(6), 519-523. Eckhardt, J., Holden, C., Callard, C. (2015). Tobacco control and the World Trade Organization: mapping member states positions after the framework convention on tobacco control.Tobacco Control, tobaccocontrol-2015-052486. Explaining recent trends in smoking prevalence. (2005).Addiction,100(10), 1394-1395. FALLIN, A. GLANTZ, S. (2015). Tobacco-Control Policies in Tobacco-Growing States: Where Tobacco Was King.Milbank Quarterly,93(2), 319-358. Fong, G. (2006). The conceptual framework of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project.Tobacco Control,15(suppl_3), iii3-iii11. GARTNER, C. MCNEILL, A. (2010). Options for global tobacco control beyond the Framework Convention in Tobacco Control.Addiction,105(1), 1-3. Gavin, A. (2004). Smoking is a major cause of premature death worldwide.Evidence-Based Healthcare,8(2), 95-96. GLANTZ, S. (2000). Tobacco Related Disease Research Program.Tobacco Control,9(90002), 2ii-3. Hammond, R. (2003). The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: promising start, uncertain future.Tobacco Control,12(3), 241-242. Hastings, G. Liberman, J. (2009). Tobacco corporate social responsibility and fairy godmothers: the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control slays a modern myth.Tobacco Control,18(2), 73-74. Heloma, A., Nurminen, M., Reijula, K., Rantanen, J. (2004). Smoking Prevalence, Smoking-Related Lung Diseases, and National Tobacco Control Legislation.Chest,126(6), 1825-1831. Koh, W., Leung, K., Ang, L., Thumboo, J. (2013). Cigarette smoking and risk of severe osteoarthritis among Chinese in Singapore - the Singapore Chinese Health Study.Osteoarthritis And Cartilage,21, S153. Loyola, E. (2008). Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) Data to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.Preventive Medicine,47, S1. Milne, E. (2005). NHS smoking cessation services and smoking prevalence: observational study.BMJ,330(7494), 760-760. Veeranki, S., Mamudu, H., Anderson, J., Zheng, S. (2014). Worldwide Never-Smoking Youth Susceptibility to Smoking.Journal Of Adolescent Health,54(2), 144-150. Wakefield, M. Liberman, J. (2008). Back to the future: tobacco industry interference, evidence and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.Tobacco Control,17(3), 145-146. Wipfli, H. (2004). Achieving the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control's potential by investing in national capacity.Tobacco Control,13(4), 433-437. Wisotzky, M., Albuquerque, M., Pechacek, T., Park, B. (2004). The National Tobacco Control Program: focusing on policy to broaden impact.Public Health Reports,119(3), 303-310.
Thursday, April 16, 2020
Operation Anaconda, to this day, stands as the largest reported ground action in the Afghan war. This 17-day battle led to eight U. S. casualties and over 50 wounded. Operation Anaconda is viewed as a success due to coalition forces being able to kill and root out several hundred Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, which left U. S. and coalition forces in control of the Shah-i-Khot Valley. Originally intended to be a three-day battle with light resistance, a seven-day battle ensued with intense fighting and was finally stopped on 18 March after 17 long days. The classic Ã¢â¬Å"Hammer and AnvilÃ¢â¬ battle approach which was utilized struggled through a number of unforeseen issues: initial intelligence reports, U. S. command structure, Afghan Forces, and ground-air coordination of air strikes/support. In the following pages, the cause and effect of these issues will be discussed as well as the impact they had on Operation Anaconda pertaining to certain principles of war. We will write a custom essay sample on Operation Anaconda Battle Analysis or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The intelligence reports of the Shah-i-Khot Valley were faulty not due lack of effort. Several assets were used in trying to gather intelligence: human reconnaissance, aerial reconnaissance, and communication intercepts were all widely used. Several SOF ground reconnaissance teams were also getting as close to the valleyÃ¢â¬â¢s floor as possible without being detected. Initial estimates of the enemy ranged from 100-1000 enemy fighters, but after arduous discussions and reports filed in, it was determined that a better estimate was 200-300 fighters with a larger civilian population numbering somewhere around 1000. This large civilian population complicated things by nullifying most attempts of heavy air strikes and support. The portrait for the upcoming battle portrayed that of a weak, demoralized fighting force armed with light weapons, however, in all actuality the enemy was heavily armed and motivated numbering close to 1000. Through the use of camouflage and knowledge of the terrain, Taliban and al Qaeda fighters were able to fool U. S. and coalition forces and lure them, in some sense, into the valley without having the element of surprise. In retrospect, we can now see that the majority of enemy fighters were already dug deep in to the mountainous terrain and ridgelines with heavy machine guns, RPGs, and artillery in some cases. The four villages on the valley floor were primarily deserted with few enemy fighters and an even fewer civilian populous; furthermore, once fighting ensued, a Ã¢â¬ËjihadÃ¢â¬â¢ was declared which flooded the valley with even more enemy fighters instead of a predicted retreatment into bordering Pakistan. Because reconnaissance teams did not collect intelligence on the vast majority of these positions, this led to faulty intelligence reports channeling through the chain of command and thus leading to the initial problems confronting Operation Anaconda. The command structure during Operation Anaconda was detached and brought about a number of problems for U. S. and coalition forces. Unity of Command, a revered principle of war, was violated and ultimately affected the battle in a negative light. U. S. perations were being conducted by CENTCOM, led by General Franks, which had two main subordinate commands. Coalition Forces Land Component Command (CFLCC) and Coalition Forces Air Component Command (CFACC). Both of these commands were located in the Persian Gulf as well as the Combined Air Operations Center (CAOC), which coordinated with CFACC on whether and how to carry out air strikes when SOF units on the ground requested them. General Hagenbeck, Commanding General of 10th Mountain Division, was given command and control authority of Operation Anaconda; however, CFACC and CAOC remained in control of air component forces. This break in unity of command caused much friction in the early stages of Operation Anaconda. On the initial infil of TF HAMMER, which consisted of a large force of Afghan militia led by Zia Lodin and the Special Forces A-Teams Texas 14/ODA 594 and Cobra 72/ODA 372, pre-assault positions were reached at 0615 in the Shah-i-Khot Valley. Air support had planned to bombard enemy positions for 55 minutes; however, miscommunication between Texas 14 and higher led to a short bombardment and a total of six bombs being dropped. TF HAMMER was nsuccessful in entering the valley due to a heavy amount of small arms fire and mortar attacks. The lack of air support triggered by bad communication frustrated Afghan and Special Forces alike and led to Afghan trucks being hit heavily by pre-registered mortar fire on known choke points by Taliban and al Qaeda fighters. Unity of command is crucial in conducting a successful military operation: communication flows smoothly through a unified command, but unfortunately for a non-unified command, the reverse effect holds true. Another principle of war that was violated several times was the element of surprise. This had to do, however, with a direct correlation to communication and unity of command. In the late hours of 3 March 2002, the SEAL team, MAKO 30 was picked up by a MH-47 heading east of the peak of Takur Ghar, which is the tallest point in the Shah-i-Khot region. A problem was encountered with the MH-47 and the team had to change aircraft. This placed them off of their suspected timeline and did not allow MAKO 30 with enough time to reach the peak before daylight. The decision was made to infil MAKO 30 on the peak of Takur Ghar after aerial surveillances reported that it was secure with no human activity. Any hopes of surprising the enemy were lost and the outcome was U. S. casualties on the peak of Takur Ghar. In a sense, the principle of war maneuver comes to light when speaking of Takur Ghar as well. Even though it was not utilized in this battle, it would have been if MAKO 30 had been able to land east of the peak as originally planned. This is a great of example of how the principles of war have a domino effect on one another: each has a direct correlation to one another, and if one is violated it can, and most likely does, mean the difference in life or death. Mass is another critical principle of war that was undermined in Operation Anaconda. General Frank and CENTCOMÃ¢â¬â¢s goal was to keep the military presence from rising above 10,000 troops. This led to SOF units being deployed and only a handful of equivalent U. S. Army size brigades. Infantry battalions of the 101st and 10th Mountain were deployed with no tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, or artillery. It was determined that air support would make up for any lack of firepower. It became apparent after the initial push and when things took a turn for the worse that these deficiencies crippled the ground posture of U. S. forces. The only firepower the three U. S. Army battalions had, other than the lightly armed infantry personnel, were a small number of AH-64 Apaches and a few AC-130 gunships; however, one of the problems with that was, the gunships were under control of SOF forces and were only allowed to fly at night, so that further cut down on fire superiority. The Eastern Alliance Afghan forces that were fighting amongst the U. S. were not seasoned veterans. Led by Zia Lodin, this collection of Pushtun militias were eager enough to cooperate, but they were also a light infantry force that had little to no big battle experience. By not inserting a sufficient amount of combat power in a decisive manner at a certain time, CENTCOM and Washington violated the principal of war mass. Inaccurate intelligence reports led to the misinterpretation of the enemy. The lack of a clear, cohesive command structure caused breaks in communication which directly correlated to the absence or violation of several principles of war: surprise, maneuver, and mass. The ground to air coordination of air strikes and support, as well as the U. S. command structure are two key fallacies that came to light during Operation Anaconda. Ultimately these issues were resolved and the learning points of operations such as this better prepare our leaders for future operations. In the end, America wins. Go U. S. A.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Psychological Testing Essay Example Psychological Testing Essay Psychological Testing Essay Psychological testing is a field characterized by the use of samples of behavior in order to assess psychological construct(s), such as cognitive and emotional functioning, about a given individual. The technical term for the science behind psychological testing is psychometrics. By samples of behavior, one means observations of an individual performing tasks that have usually been prescribed beforehand, which often means scores on a test. These responses are often compiled into statistical tables that allow the evaluator to compare the behavior of the individual being tested to the responses of a norm group. 2 Angry Men Manuel Paniagua Correa 12 Angry Men The communication process depicted on the movie was certainly effective. The 12 jurorsÃ¢â¬â¢ decision involved the life of a young man. Even when the communication barriers sometimes froze the process of communication, the persistence of one of the jurors, juror 8, was key in keeping the men involved in the decision process. Jur or 8 was unlike the other jurors, he had the ability to keep the men engaged in the discussion that lead to the conclusion of the movie. Even though it was not easy, the main objective of providing a fair and unanimous decision was accomplished at the end of the film. During the jury decision process, communication barriers were present. All of the members that were involved in the jury had different backgrounds and culture. Many of the juries expressed anger, frustration and stubbornness regarding their respective positions. These jurors frequently interrupted one another and proved to be very disrespectful within the group. Communication barriers where present when they did not pay attention to each other. These barriers were evident when the jurors were centered only on their personal opinions and not willing to listen to their peers. Formal communication started when juror number 8 stated his disagreement and concern for the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s future. When juror #8 started expressing heÃ¢â¬â¢s uncertainty with the boy being guilty, he encouraged the other jurors or team members to critically think before passing judgment. The movie offered many instances where non-verbal communication expressed the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s dissatisfaction with the current discussion. At certain times, during the process, the jurors coughed implying disapproval. They often times played simulated board games in order to keep themselves occupied while a team member speaking. Facial gestures was also evident, this expressed the memberÃ¢â¬â¢s frustration and disapproval of the information that was being communicated. There were communication..
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Evaluate a recent Entrepreneurial Venture - Yo shushi - Essay Example This report is an effort to analyse and evaluate the strategic framework of the company in light with the respective academic models. At the end a conclusion has been inferred from the discussion with a reflection on the entire report. Summary Background of Yo-Sushi Globalization has affected peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyles and their food habits. People have become more open to different cultural diversity and they have also started to taste the foods of different origin and culture. In UK, the Japanese based food items are being very popular and entrepreneurs have found business opportunities due to growing interest of Japanese foods in UK. Yo-Sushi is a UK-based restaurant chain and it is being very popular for its Japanese fast food items especially for sushi. Simon Woodroffe, the founder of Yo-Sushi, was able to identify the increasing demand of Japanese foods in UK during mid of 1990s and hence, he opened first restaurant of Yo-Sushi in 1997. Sushi is a famous Japanese dish made of v inegared rice with sea-foods. The Sushi bars are famous in Japan as Ã¢â¬ËkaitenÃ¢â¬â¢ that offer food to consumers through a conveyor belt and Yo-Sushi follows this concept of business in the UK and other global market. Gradually, this business concept became very famous among the UK consumers, and by the end of 1998, Yo-Sushi trade mark was registered. Woodroffe realized the growing demand of his new business idea in UK and he opened the first restaurant of Yo-Sushi in 1999 (Intellectual Property Office-a, 2006). Soon, Yo-Sushi became a big brand in UK as many people started queued around the Yo-Sushi restaurants for experiencing the traditional Japanese taste. It has experienced a very rapid expansion and achieved an upper hand position in the market for Japanese food. For further business expansion, the organisation inspired other supermarkets and food retailers to stock and sell packaged sushi offered by Yo-Sushi (Yo-Sushi-a, 2011). Yo-Sushi offers value added services to it s consumers, and considering the requirements of consumers, its services includes dine in, takeaway and delivery. Sushi is the core brand product for Yo-Sushi but it has also introduced other popular Japanese food items that includes Ã¢â¬Å"delicious soups, rice or noodle-based dishes, salads, tempura and even hot classics like Chicken Katsu Curry, Salmon Teriyaki or Yakisoba noodlesÃ¢â¬ (Yo-Sushi-a, 2011). The key success factor of Yo-Sushi is the innovative ideas and great leadership. Prior to starting the Venture of Yo-Sushi, Simon Woodroffe had been working in entertainment business for 30 years. He used to design and stage concerts and his services were very famous for his innovative ideas. He was very efficient in understating peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s preferences and tastes and hence, he used his expertise and entrepreneurial skills in business for establishing Yo-Sushi. His plausible leadership quality and entrepreneurial skills made Yo-Sushi a famous brand in UK and in other marke t places (Intellectual Property Office-b, 2007). Currently, Yo-Sushi has gained 11 years of successful business in the global market place. It has expanded its business in the UK market as well as in global market. Moscow, Dublin and Middle East countries like Dubai, Kuwait etc are the major international market for Yo-Sushi. This fast food restaurant is led by efficient leaders and teams. Yo-Sushi is a privately held company owned by Ã¢â¬Å"